The Story of Heyford (Extra): Memories of Nether Heyford – Joan Collins

The memories of Joan Collins, and life at Wharf Farm, Nether Heyford

I was born in Bugbrooke and moved to Nether Heyford when l married Reg, nearly 70 years ago. Reg was born in Nether Heyford, and as well as being a farmer, he worked on the Parish Council for nearly 30 years, and also became a District Councillor. One of the main features of the village is the very large village green, said by some to be the largest in England. This Green was purchased, together with other land, and a Schoolhouse, using money left to the village in the will of William Bliss in 1674, for that purpose. He had been brought up in Heyford, before becoming a London wine merchant.

Trustees of the Charity that was set up to administer the proceeds used the rental income from the land to pay for a schoolmaster and for the upkeep of the school. This is why the school is known as the ‘Bliss Charity Aided School’. The trustees of this charity, along with another one set up using a legacy in the will of Edmund Arnold (died 1689) may use part of the income from the charities to help “the poor children of poor persons of the town of Nether Heyford” to help with their apprenticeships, for tools, etc. The gift of the green to the village was made with the conditions “that there should not be a spade put into it, and that it should not be fenced in”. This is taken to mean that there should be no building or allotments on it. The area of the green extends to the Memorial Green and the piece of land behind the butchers and patisserie.

At the side of the main green there is an area that is known as ‘The Pound”, which also belongs to the Green. This is called The Pound because in days gone by, the cattle that were allowed to roam and graze the green at daytime, were rounded up at night and closed in the pound.

The estate known as “Rolfe Crescent’ used to be open fields owned by Mr John Radbume Adams. A stream, which rises near to the A5 on the easterly side of Furnace Lane, and goes into a culvert under the railway and the canal before emerging into the field. used to flow across the land of Mr. Adams before running behind the houses alongside the green. This stream then ran uncovered across the village Green and under the road into Watery Lane and on to the river. That is where the name Watery Lane came from.

Watercress used to grow along this stream. Similarly, the estate of Brookside was named due to its proximity to the same stream, or brook. Mr Wakefield Whitton owned land here, so when another small estate was built there, it was naturally named ‘Wakefield Way’.

Water also ran down from Stowe in a full stream, again under the railway and then under the canal, and on down the rear of the houses on the westerly side of Furnace Lane. It used to flow under the Weedon Road and down Church Street into the Manor, and on to the river. I suppose this is why our village is called “Hayford” as water used to run over the road before it was routed through a culvert there.

Manor Park was an estate belonging to the owners of the Manor, but a road used to run from Manor Walk, passing by the Manor House. across the fields to the coach bridge and on to Heyford Mill. Farmers would drive their horses and carts laden with corn along this lane to the mill. More recently, the fields at the rear of the Manor House were all built on, providing the homes in which some of you now live.

Middle Street, behind Mr. Denny’s house, used to be all open fields, but is now the site of Parsons Close, and other houses on that side of the road were all built on farm land belonging to the Manor, in the 1970′s, a bit before those in Manor Park. There was a footpath from the end of Middle Street that crossed the field to the river bridge leading to Upper Heyford. On the opposite side of Middle Street was a farm just below the “Olde Sun” where houses are now built.

Up Furnace Lane towards the A5, near the railway bridge, were ironstone Furnaces. One was on the land between Wharf Farm, Furnace Lane and the railway (LNWR, then LMS) line, and was known as Heyford Ironworks. operating in 1857. The other was diagonally across the railway where the Wickes site is. This one was known as Stowe Ironworks and was operating in 1866. Iron-ore was brought in by boat or rail from Stowe and other villages around.

The iron-ore excavated at Stowe Lodge was brought by a tram railway to feed the ironworks at these sites.

In its original form it was a narrow-gauge tramway which ran under the Watling Street (A5) near to the turning to Church Stowe, and then over a couple of fields to cross under the main LNW railway at a point about 1/4 mile west of the Furnace Lane bridge. it then went across one more field to be loaded into barges at the Grand Junction Canal. This tram-line was working pre-1863 and was one of the earliest and longest of the ironstone quarry lines at that time. The narrow gauge tramway was upgraded to a standard gauge line and elevated to link up with the mainline beside the Stowe Ironworks, probably before 1870. Iron ore could now be brought directly to the Stowe Ironworks, and be shunted across the main line into the Heyford Ironwork sidings. Therefore iron ore supplied directly from the Stowe quarries and other local quarries, was smelted into “Pig iron ingots’ and loaded originally onto horse and carts or canal boats to be taken away for further processing.

Through the railway bridge. the Stowe Ironworks site on the right changed hands several times. at one time being the home of the brickyard known as “The Stowe Tile and Brick Works’, where some of the finest bricks in England were made. At one time it may have been ‘The Lion Works” because an application was made to run “a tramway under the railway bridge into the Lion Companys Works’ (Feb. 1855). Apparently, the applicant didn’t wait for approval because there was “Indictment by the Queen” to be heard at the Northampton Summer Assizes of 1855 against John Judkins ‘for the nuisance on a highway in Nether Heyford – for laying iron tramrails on the highway, with an endorsement that the nuisance be abated’!

At this time the canal was one of the main means of transport, busy carrying iron ore and bricks, with the boats being pulled along by horses.

The building next to the canal bridge near Wharf Farm, which we used to use for cow sheds, has now been converted into a house. However, it was originally used for stabling these horses, and as the adjacent land is where the loading and unloading took place, the area was called “Heyford Wharf’.

There were many Public Houses in Nether Heyford, eight in all. There was one at the canal bridge, opposite the old stables, which was called ‘The Bricklayers Arms‘ and the house that I live in at Wharf Farm was another pub, known as ‘The Boat‘.

There were gravel pits in Heyford, at the back of Wakefield Way and Brookside Close, which were shown on some maps to contain Roman remains.

Returning to the village green, there is a now a Village Hall on the south side. There once was an Ox hovel where this hall is now, which belonged to Mr. Adams of Whitehall. This was demolished and our Village Hall was built using the voluntary labour of village people, and it was completed in May 1960. We are all proud of our hall and the lovely green, and the village as a whole. The green isn’t used as much for sport these days. There used to be football matches played on it. when local people would all tum out to support our team, and cricket matches when villagers would sit around the green on the seats to watch the play in hand.

The annual fair would come to the green at Harvest and was always known as “Heyford Feast”, and all the old village families would come back to meet up at it. l can remember the galloping horse roundabout, ’1d a ride‘, the coconut shy, hoopla and swing boats, etc.

Families were poor, money-wise, but happy with what they had. They grew their own vegetables, and kept hens. They would go gleaning at harvest time for food for the chickens, and would also keep a pig in the sty which would feed the family for a long time. This would provide lard for cooking, etc. and bacon on the wall to use all year round. When a pig was killed, it would be shared with neighbours who in tum would share theirs, when that was killed.

This all helped to make this a very friendly village. They were happy days and people weren’t so greedy for money. There were more poor people than rich ones, but it didn’t worry them that someone else had more than they did.

Happy Days.



Compiled by Joan Collins

19 thoughts on “The Story of Heyford (Extra): Memories of Nether Heyford – Joan Collins

  1. My mother was born Laura Collins, 1912, in Nether Heyford. One of her uncles was Horace Collins and I believe he farmed Wharf Farm before Reg took over. My mother used to get the Christmas turkey every year from Reg. Assuming I’ve got this right. Would love to make contact with Joan.
    Chris Squire


    1. Hi Chris,
      My name is Carol Collins and I’m the daughter of Joan Collins. Please be in touch, happy to answer any questions.


      1. Hi Carol
        Thanks for your reply. After literally years of procrastination I am writing a bit of a history of my mother’s family. She was Laura Collins, one of the offspring of Ephraim and Annie Collins. The family lived in a cottage on The Green before moving to a newly built council house in Furnace Lane in 1927. One of her uncles, Horace, farmed Wharf Farm. He was one of her father’s brothers. According to a Wikipedia entry for Nether Heyford the Collins family came to farm in the village in 1928. From it appears Horace died in 1935. In 1984 I taped an interview with one of my aunts ( my mother died in 1979 ) Dora Collins as was, became Dora Pinnock, and she told me ‘my uncle Horace farmed there, his son Reg has it now but he wants to retire’. Looking on it doesn’t look like Horace had a son called Reg. There was Horace, Oliver, William and Arthur. On that 1984 tape she talks of the time they bumped into Oliver in Tescos! That would be early 70s. She also said my mum used to chat with Reg whenever she went to Heyford. I remember her talking of Reg Collins and the farm by the canal. I think we got our Christmas turkey from there for quite a few years in the 60s.

        So, I am left wondering what relation Reg Colin’s is to my mother. I thought he was Horace’s son and that they were cousins. That’s the impression I got from my mother and my aunt. Any information or ideas gratefully received.

        Kind regards

        Liked by 1 person

  2. Hi Chris, my father farmed Wharf Farm with his mother (my grandmother) from the age of 11yrs old. He had brothers Horace, Oliver, Willian, Arthur and a Sister, Bardara. They have all since died. My mother (Reg’s Wife) is still a live, she’s 97yrs.
    Uncle Horace and Aunt Annie had one child, Bernard. All my dads brothers did not work the Farm.
    Yes my dad and my mum did rear chickens for Christmas but they were cockerels not turkeys.
    I don’t recall a Dora Collins your mother or Dora Pinnock.
    I can’t help any more unless we could meet up, what do you think.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hi Carol, Thanks for all this information. I was trying to reconcile what was on with what your Mum wrote in The Prattler and what my aunts and mother had told me. The information on ancestry is incomplete as neither your Dad, Reg, nor Barbara are listed. Hence my confusion.

      So, if I have it right the story is as follows. Horace and Winifred come to Wharf Farm around 1928. They have 6 children, Reg, Horace, Oliver, William, Arthur and Barbara. Horace dies in 1935. Reg, your father, takes on the farm age 11 together with his mother Winfred. Reg marries Joan around 1949 (from what she wrote in The Prattler) and they carry on the farm. Winifred dies in 1950.

      One of my aunts said , around 1984, that Reg was looking to retire but his son didn’t want to take on the farm. So, do you have a brother?

      Your father and my mother were cousins-as I had been led to believe. We definitely had turkey at Christmas but perhaps it was a case of your father sourcing one rather than he was rearing them.

      I believe your uncle Horace is buried in Heyford cemetery, probably not far from my grandfather’s grave: Ephraim Collins.

      It would be great to meet up. We live in Preston, Lancashire so we would have to do some planning. It’s been a few years since I was last in the village and it would be good to come back. Is it best to contact you via this forum? I am happy for you to use my email address which this forum has.

      Many thanks
      Kind regards


      1. Hi Chris,
        I have three brothers, Roger, and twins Trevor & Paul.
        Paul worked with dad on the farm until dad retired.

        That sounds good if we could meet to discuss more. Keep me informed if you are able to arrange to come to Nether Heyford, I still live in the village.



      2. HI Chris, and Hi Carol,

        Sorry I am coming in late in this conversation, but just found this website !
        Reginald Lewis Collins (1917-1990) was the 1st cousin of Laura Collins (1912-1979).

        I don’t know how far back you have gone with the family, but I wrote your family tree in 2016.

        Carol, your 3rd gt-grandfather was Benjamin Lawton Collins, born 1793 in Upper Heyford.
        Benjamin had a son Benjamin Jeffery Collins by Anne Jeffery born in Kislingbury in 1818.
        Benjamin and Anne never married, why?, I don’t know, he went on to marry a Sarah Williams in London in 1824, and this is my main family Collins line.
        Benjamin Jeffery Collins married Elizabeth Baldwin (1821-1902) in 1846, in Kislingbury, and they had 7 children that I know of.
        One of these was Frederick Jeffery Collins (1855-1921), and your gt-grandfather, who married Sarah Ann Faulkner (1855-1935). They married in 1874 in Harpole. They had 11 children that I know of, and one these was your grandfather Horace (1883-1835), who married Winifred Ethel Mead (1881-1960).
        They had 6 children that I know of one of these being your father Reginald Lewis Collins.

        Chris, your line is similar to that of Carol except your grandfather was Ephraim Collins (1879-1913), and brother of Horace, who married Florence Annie Higham (1880-1948). They married 1902 in Heyford, and your mother Laura was born in 1912.

        Like I mentioned I have written the family trees for your family, and if you would like a copy just let me know, and I will email them to you. According to my database we are half-3rd cousins !

        Look forward to hearing from you …….. kind regards ……… Barry Collins

        Liked by 1 person

      3. Hi Barry, very interesting on what you have on the family of the Collins’s.
        I would be interested in the family tree, would you ne so kind as to email it to me please.


      4. Hi Barry
        Fantastic! I’ve got a lot of detail on my mother and her family but would be grateful for anything you can send me. I met with Carol and Jenny in the summer. I’m currently finishing off what I have found out so it is in a readable form (I hope!) and I’ll send it to you all.
        Best Chris


  3. Hi Carol
    We are heading south weekend of 10/11 August and aim to call in to Nether Heyford around lunchtime on Sunday 11 August. If you are free it would be great to meet up.
    Kind regards


    1. Hi Chris,
      Sun 11th Aug will be good for me, we could meet out side the Foresters Arms pub opposite the village green by the shops.
      Hope that’s ok for you to meet me there.
      Looking forward to meeting you.


  4. HI Chris and Carol,

    Just to go back a little further, Benjamin Lawton Collins was born in Nether Heyford, and was baptized Nov 14, 1793 at St. Peter & St. Paul Church, by 1832 he had moved his family to Birmingham, where he died in 1865.

    Benjamin was the son of Thomas Collins (1763-1849), and Elizabeth Linnell (1769-1836) who married 22 May 1791 at St. Peter and St. Paul, Nether Heyford. Both are buried in this churchyard. Elizabeth was from Flore, which is where they lived after marrying. They moved to Upper Heyford around 1793 when son Benjamin was born.



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